Detailed practical guidance to help you deliver a robust vulnerability management system for your business – now updated!

Launching the 2nd Edition of our pioneering book by Adele Adams & Kassy Marsh. We’re really proud that Prof. Chris Elliott has, as with our first edition, reviewed and recommend the book and kindly written us a foreword.

Key changes in the 2nd edition include:

  • Restructuring the flow of the book to walk you through threat assessments across the entire end-to-end supply chain. Starting by considering threats in the raw material supply chain then moving on to assessing threats in the product supply chain (your factory box and subsequent distribution chain)
  • Expansion of the scope to include food fraud, food terrorism and food sabotage under the heading of food defence
  • Updates on the current requirements for threat assessments in the most commonly used GFSI recognised standards, such as SQF, FSSC 22000, IFS as well as BRC
  • Further development of the risk assessment methodology and scoring, which now includes the likelihood of detection

In response to the updated GFSI standard, which now gives equal weighting to both on-site threats and raw material supply chain threats, we have balanced the content of the book to reflect this.

The risk assessment methodology has been kept simple yet robust and the same scoring system can still be used for both ram materials and product threat assessments.

There is a variety of terminology currently being used in this area, we have compared these and explained how they all fit together under a broader heading of food defence. Prof. Elliot gave this point particular praise as it helps to alleviate some of the current confusion.

We’ve developed the risk assessment scoring system even further, this now includes the likelihood of detection. Meaning that the methodology can now be used by agents and brokers and storage and distribution facilities, not just manufacturers.


Adele Adams (Adele Adams Associates Ltd) has teamed up with Kassy Marsh (Techni-K) again to update their definitive guideline which details a simple yet effective system, for both product vulnerability assessments and the raw materials vulnerability assessment to meet current requirements for threat assessments in the most commonly used GFSI recognised standards, such as SQF, FSSC 22000, IFS as well as BRC

At a glance


Provides methodology for both a product vulnerability assessment and a raw material vulnerability assessment

Describes how to go through the stages of preparing, assessing and continuing your study step by step

Defines the scope of the study and explains the types of threat, contamination and attacker

Determine impact, motivation, likelihood of detection and opportunity with our reliable methodology

Our scoring system for risks is clear and gives options for their management

Our unique decision tree allows for accurate and consistent management technique

Provides exemplar documentation for both a product vulnerability assessment and a raw material vulnerability assessment

Review by Professor Chris Elliott

“The second edition of this book very much builds on the important topic of food defence and does so in a very well structured manner. The flow from raw material supply-chain, to the product supply-chain is a very logical and systematic approach to building the defences needed, to counter the growing threats to the integrity of food businesses.

The scope of the new edition has also been widened to cover both BRC and GFSI standards, and the authors have updated their benchmarking requirements. What pleases me especially about this edition, is the view taken that food defence encompasses the very broad range of threats that emerge from the triple dangers associated with food fraud, food terrorism and food sabotage.

A modified vulnerability scoring system based on the likelihood of the threat occurring has been developed within this new edition. From my own experience the opportunity ‘to do harm’ is often foremost in the mind of the perpetrators in terms of doing the most damage without being caught.

The system devised by Adele Adams and Kassy Marsh, to provide a strong shield against the infiltration of food businesses by those wishing to cause damage, is a strong and robust one. It’s implementation will, without doubt leave your business better protected against those wishing to undertake criminal activity. While this is in many ways, a sad reflection of where we are currently, I’m afraid I do not see any room for complacency. Indeed, all indications that I pick up, are that such barriers are growingly viewed as an essential part of doing business in the food arena.”

Professor Chris Elliott
OBE, Founder of the Institute for Global Food SecurityIN .